The name Bandhani is derived from a traditional word Bandhan, which means tying or to tie. Bandhani sarees are known to have its origin from the states of Gujarat and Rajasthan. These sarees have a historic significance from the era of Alexander, since then these sarees have highly evolved in terms of patterns, prints, and fabric. Bandhani sarees were worn for important occasions and ceremonies like weddings and traditional rituals as these sarees were considered to be pure and bring a good future for the wearer.
Bandhani sarees are the perfect combination of bold and bright colors with small-sized motifs implemented all over the fabric. Bandhej sarees are made from light-weight and soft fabric which makes it easy to wear and keeps the wearer comfortable all day long.
The Muslim Khatri community from Kutch, Gujarat is credited to have started bandhani work in India. Tying and dying are the two basic steps involved in the process of making bandhani sarees which is a highly skilled process. The fabrics used in making these sarees are tied with threads at different places and further dyed with desired colors and patterns. Leheriya, Chaubundi, and Jaaldaar are some styles of Bandhani sarees.
Red, green, yellow, orange and maroon are primary colors used in making bandhani sarees. Basically, a bandhani saree is designed with a single-color base that is further decorated with small motifs made of various colors in contrast to the base color. The motifs made are in the shape of flowers, balls, bells, and creepers, etc. These sarees can be further enhanced by golden or silver zari borders all over the saree fabric.
The most common groups and patterns of knots made from clusters each have their own unique names. Some of the most searched bandhani prints are as follows:
- Ek-Dali: Single Dot
- Tikunthi: Group of Three Dots That Make Circles and Squares
- Chaubundi or Chaubasi: Four Dots
- Satbandi: Groups of Seven Dots
- Boond: Small Dot with A Dark Center
- Kodi: Drop-Shaped Pattern
- Dungar Shahi: A Mountain – Like Pattern
- Jaaldar: Web or Net- Like Pattern
- Beldaar: Vine- Like Pattern
- Laddu Jalebi: Swirling Pattern
- Leheriya: Wave-Like Pattern
Generally, materials like cotton, silk, fur, etc. are used to make these kinds of sarees. Both Hindu and Muslim communities like to wear these sarees in different styles as per their tradition and culture. Bandhani sarees are gifted during wedding ceremonies, rituals and festivals. These sarees can be matched with a single-colored blouse, but also looks great with fancy designer blouses. Traditional pieces of jewelry would be an added attraction for bandhani sarees.
Bandhani techniques have been handed down from generation to generation as an art form. The patterns are made in a very special way, depending on how the fabric is knotted. The women of Gujarat and Rajasthan wear bandhani sarees of different colors for various occasions. The color of the bandhej saree mainly represents the event in which it is worn. For example, red color bandhani sarees are worn during weddings and important functions. Bandhani sarees can also be worn every day because it is light and comfortable.
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